In grade two, the goal of the language arts program is to foster a love of reading and help students develop the routines and strategies to become confident, independent readers. Second graders participate in guided reading with a teacher and incorporate the Daily Five, which includes reading to themselves; reading with a partner; listening to books; responding to reading and word work; and writing stories, poetry, plays, and oral presentations. Students practice basic reading skills, build comprehension strategies, and develop fluency through exposure to a wide range of reading materials, oral discussions, and regular, one-on-one conferences with a teacher.
In grade two, students focus on the writing process as they create their own stories, journal entries, friendly letters, poetry, and nonfiction informational writing. Students have frequent opportunities to reflect on their writing and revise their work with regular teacher conferences. Students also build vocabulary and grammar skills, focusing on sentence structure, punctuation, and parts of speech. Spelling is an ongoing endeavor, with personal spelling lists and practice activities. Students continue with Level 2 of Fundations, a program providing daily lessons on phonics, spelling, and word study, and students progress further in their study of word structure.
Students who successfully complete the grade two language arts program will be able to:
- Apply comprehension skills: making connections, questioning, summarizing, determining the main idea, making inferences, and making predictions
- Apply fluency skills: decoding and expression
- Understand phonetic principles
- Demonstrate vocabulary skills, including using context, syntax, and illustrations to derive meaning
- Demonstrate basic dictionary skills
- Read a variety of genres, for learning and for enjoyment
- Write fiction and nonfiction that includes organization, details, opening and closing statements, complete sentences, and well-formed letters
- Use proper capitalization and end marks
- Spell core words and personal spelling words correctly
- Listen attentively to ideas of others
- Follow oral and written directions
- Speak before a group using appropriate volume and eye contact