In grade two, the goal of the language arts program is to foster a love of reading and help students develop the routines and strategies to become confident, independent readers. Second graders participate in guided reading with a teacher and incorporate the Daily Five, which includes reading to themselves; reading with a partner; listening to books; responding to reading and word work; and writing stories, poetry, plays, and oral presentations. Students practice basic reading skills, build comprehension strategies, and develop fluency through exposure to a wide range of reading materials, oral discussions, and regular, one-on-one conferences with a teacher.
In grade two, students focus on the writing process as they create their own stories, journal entries, friendly letters, poetry, and nonfiction informational writing. Students have frequent opportunities to reflect on their writing and revise their work with regular teacher conferences. Students also build vocabulary and grammar skills, focusing on sentence structure, punctuation, and parts of speech. In grade two, students continue to build on word skills and habits of mind introduced in Kindergarten and grade one. Second graders continue to review and practice phonics skills introduced in first grade and incorporate new ones such as magic e, bossy r, dipthongs, contractions, root words, suffixes, and syllable division. Sight words, leveled appropriately, enrich each student’s lexicon as their reading skills expand. Although inventive spelling is still used for more complex words, students are expected to apply the phonics skills taught to their daily work and master the sight words as introduced. Exploring the structure of more complex words, students prepare themselves for the phonics work emphasized in the Lower School program.