In grade one, the goal is to foster a love of reading. Through whole group Fundations lessons and individual guided reading instruction, students are exposed to a wide variety of concepts and activities to help them become confident, independent readers. Through daily Fundations lessons, students learn basic phonetic rules such as consonant and vowel sounds, digraphs, blends, bonus letters, glued sounds, and open and closed syllables as well as how to recognize and spell many high-frequency words. After each Fundations lesson, students practice new skills and review previously learned skills as they move into the individual guided reading segment of the program. Students read daily from their independent book bags, which contain literature at each child’s designated reading level. Within these levels, students choose from a wide variety of fiction, non-fiction and poetry selections. Teachers meet regularly with each student for regular conferences in order to monitor progress, focusing on fluency, applying reading strategies, comprehension, word attack skills, and vocabulary development. At the conclusion of each conference, the teacher sets a new individual goal and directs the student to complete a response sheet about one of the books. These response sheets include comprehension assignments, character studies, and chapter summaries.
The goal of the grade one writing program is to improve students’ overall communication skills. At the beginning of the year, first graders review the formation of uppercase letters and then learn the lowercase letters. Next, students learn basic capitalization and punctuation rules. As these skills develop and students become more comfortable with the writing process, they practice incorporating more detail into their writing. Later in the year, students create a rubric to help them assess their work, which reminds them to check for proper capitalization and punctuation, spacing between words, correct spelling of basic sight words, and descriptive detail. With this introduction to editing, students begin to learn the importance of reviewing and revising their writing. To improve listening skills and to cultivate an appreciation of the written word, teachers read to the children daily from a range of literature, including picture books, chapter books, nonfiction, and poetry.
Students who successfully complete the grade one language arts program will be able to:
- Identify consonants, vowels, blends, digraphs, bonus letters, glued sounds, and syllables
- Apply oral reading fluency skills
- Apply reading strategies (picture walking, looking for words within words, identifying unknown words through context)
- Recall important story elements (characters, setting, theme)
- Make inferences
- Predict outcomes, sequence, recognize cause and effect, write summaries, question, and determine main ideas
- Make connections - text to self, text to text, text to world
- Recognize sight words
- Apply vocabulary and vocabulary strategies
- Understand and participate in author studies
- Apply spelling strategies
- Read a variety of genres: fiction, nonfiction, poetry
- Apply basic writing conventions: spacing between words, capitalization, punctuation
- Incorporate appropriate detail in writing
- Logically sequence events and ideas
- Begin to apply editing rules
- Apply the Fundations handwriting letter formation rules to uppercase and lowercase letters
- Listen attentively to others
- Follow oral and written directions
- Speak before a group using appropriate eye contact and volume
As part of their language arts activities, first graders also present a musical play to the school. Over the course of the production, the children learn their lines, create the scenery, learn songs, and practice choreography. This is the students’ first foray into public speaking at Fay, and it proves to be a highlight of the year.